htaccess is an abbreviation for Hypertext access. As a configuration file, .htaccess is very powerful. Even the smallest syntax error (like a missing space) can result in your content not displaying correctly or at all.
You can create the .htaccess file using a good text editor like TextPad, UltraEdit, and Microsoft WordPad. You cannot use Microsoft NotePad. You can enable password protection, redirect to a custom error page if a user fails to login, or redirect to a custom page if an error is encountered by a user.
Since .htaccess is a hidden system file, please make sure your FTP client is configured to show hidden files. This is usually an option in the program's preferences/options.
This file can be used to:
Using Redirect in a .htaccess file enables you to redirect users from an old page to a new page without having to keep the old page. For example, if you use index.html as your index file and then later rename index.html to home.html, you could set up a redirect to send users from index.html to home.html. For example:
Redirect to a local site file
Redirect /path/to/old/file/old.html /path/to/new/file/new.html/
Redirect to an external site file
Redirect /path/to/old/file/old.html http://www.example.com/new/file/new.html
To perform a redirect from non-www to www or from www to non-www there’s a .htaccess tool available on smallseotools.com. if you want the tool to generate the code to include in your website’s .htaccess file, navigate to smallseotools.com from your search browser. On the site scroll down to the .htaccess redirect generator tool icon and click on it. It has two options:
The default selection is the first option. Enter your domain name and press ‘get your code’ button. There’s a captcha that will require verification. Once you have done that the code generated will be displayed in the Results box. Now you can copy the code from here and paste it in your .htaccess file.
After successfully updating the .htaccess file it will perform the redirect function. Now the website visitors will be redirected to another site seamlessly.
The .htaccess file is an extremely useful tool for webmasters to control their websites. They can give user-friendly messages in case of an error, incorporate password restrictions, redirect visitors, deny access from selected IP addresses, etc. To provide all these facilities on Apache-based web servers requires the webmaster to be thoroughly familiar with all the options and must know how to create an htaccess file and how to use htaccess. A webmaster can get help from a developer or be familiar with coding in HTML.
Remember any alterations made in this file will have a direct impact on the way the website works and responds to users’ request. Therefore you must know what you are doing and exactly how to do it when making changes in the .htaccess file of a website. Do not attempt to make any changes if you are unfamiliar with the commands that you can encode in .htaccess.